On the Sustainability of Building Culture and Housing from 1945-1975

The Post-War Modernist Housing Research Lab deals with housing estates built between 1945 and 1975 as a significant cultural, social, economic, architectural, and urban resource. It aims at developing and promoting comprehensive strategies for their future development and preservation. At present it is particularly urgent to gain a better understanding of those structures, as their owners are often seeking to modify and densify them.

Exhibition

Nix zu seh´n (nothing to see)
Photographs by Ben Kuhlmann and Malte Sänger

Forum Werkbund Hessen
Weckmarkt 5, 60311 Frankfurt am Main

The photographers Ben Kuhlmann and Malte Sänger invite you to take a closer look at some of the outstanding large-scale residential buildings from the Frankfurt Rhine-Main region and to look at post-war modernist housing areas in your own living environment from a new perspective.

18th of September - 9th of Ocotober 2020

 

Architecture Walking Tours

Discover with us post-war housing areas in the Frankfurt Rhine-Main area and learn about their history, the ideas of the planners and life in the housing areas today. In cooperation with kunstkontakt we offer several tours in German language.

 

Sonnenring
A walking tour in cooperation with kunstkontakt  and the German Museum of Architecture (DAM)to Sonnenring that provides insights behind the façade of one of Frankfurt's largest residential buildings.

The next tour to Sonnenring is scheduled for spring 2021.

 

 

Ben-Gurion-Ring
Together with kunstkontakt and Architekturmuseum we invite you to take a walk "Am Bügel", follow the pattern of the boards and win personal insights into one of Frankfurt's most famous large housing estates.

Saturday, 26th of September / 02.00 pm / Language GERMAN
Cost contribution: €15 per person, €5 students. Free of charge for members of Frankfurt UAS.

Meeting point: subway station „Bonames Mitte“ / U2.

The tour to Ben-Gurion-Ring is fully booked.

 

 

Nordweststadt
Learn more about the history of the settlement and life in the "Raumstadt-Nordweststadt" through the centuries on our walking tour through the Nordweststadt in cooperation with kunstkontaktand the German Museum of Architecture (DAM).

Saturday, 3rd of October / 05.00 pm / Language GERMAN
Cost contribution: €15 per person, €5 students. Free of charge for members of Frankfurt UAS.

Meeting point: subway station "Römerstadt" / exit "Hadrianstraße" / under the bridge

Register now >>>

 

 

Wohnstadt Limes
In Schwalbach, at the foot of the Taunus, we walk through the housing area “Wohnstadt Limes”. Step by step we explore the concept behind the housing area with approx. 3.500 accommodation units and get new insights in the daily life in Schwalbach today.

There are currently no further walks planned for this location.

 

Symposium - Transformative Participation

Strategies for post-war modernist housing

6th of November 2020

Although most planners of post-war modernist (1945-1975) housings were seriously interested in the needs of users, few of them were given the opportunity to make a binding statement. Was this a mistake? In many settlements the residents united after moving in to protest against their living environment. Today, participatory processes for the further development of post-war modernist housings play a more important role than ever. Negotiations are underway, among other things, on what is often perceived as a monotonous phenomenon, the use of collective spaces and post-condensation. Problems and solutions are only sometimes of an architectural nature - social or economic issues are often just as important.

The symposium Transformative Participation approaches the question of what role participatory approaches have played and could play in the further development of post-war housings from different angles. In addition to overview presentations and concrete case studies, it includes historical and current processes and reflects the methods of various disciplines (especially urban planning, sociology and art).

The symposium is recognized by the Architekten- und Stadtplanerkammer Hessen with 8 advanced training points. The participation fee is 30€ and includes snacks and drinks. Students pay a contribution of 15€.

Event language: German

Time: Friday, November 6th, 2020
Location: Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences
Nibelungenplatz 1, 60318 Frankfurt am Main, Building 4, Room 111

Register now >>>

 

Adaptive Re-Use

Strategies for Post-War Modernist Housing / 11th and 12th of October 2019
congress and workshop

In prosperous regions, housing markets are under significant pressure. With the focus on preserving land and developing brownfield sites, post-war housing estates are being earmarked for densification, as their perceived density is low and the ownership is often concentrated in the hands of a few registered social landlords. In this setting, post-war estates are in danger of losing their characteristic spatial structures and landscaping. At the same time, post-war housing estates constitute a significant part of our architectural and urban heritage.

They embody the ideals of post-war societies, which were recovering from the destruction and trauma of World War II to embrace democracy afresh. Despite these credentials, post-war housing estates today are rarely loved and oft en perceived as grave mistakes of a bygone era, accused of being aesthetically and socially unsustainable. At the conference, we explored how the history embodied in post-war housing estates can be valued as part of our built heritage.

Program (PDF 280 KB)

Conference Documents / ENGLISH

 

Although most planners of post-war modernist housing (1945-1975) were seriously interested in the needs of the users, they hardly ever allowed them to express these needs themselves. Was this a mistake? In any case, soon after moving in, the inhabitants of many housing areas formed up to protest against their living environment.

Today, participatory processes play an important role when negotiating the further development of post-war modernist housings. Issues that are at stake are what is often perceived as a monotonous phenomenon, the use of collective spaces and post-condensation. Problems and solutions are only sometimes of an architectural nature - social or economic aspects are equally important.

The conference "Transformative Participation" approaches the question of what role participatory approaches have played and could play in the further development of post-war housing from different angles. It presents overviews and concrete case studies, it looks at historical and current processes and reflects the methods of various disciplines (especially urban planning, sociology and art).

Date
Friday, November 6, 2020
10:00 am - 06:00 pm

Conference venue
Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences and digital
Building 4, Room 111/112
Campus Nibelungenplatz
60318 Frankfurt am Main

>>> registration

Participation on site and online
We are pleased to welcome a limited number of participants on site at Frankfurt University. In addition, you have the opportunity to participate in the symposium online.

Conference language: German

Participation in the conference is free of charge, but registration is absolutely necessary.

Recognition as continuing education
The conference is recognized by the Architekten- und Stadtplanerkammer Hessen with 8 advanced training points/lessons.

 

Programme

10:00 Uhr | Welcome

Hans Jürgen Schmitz, Matthias Brunner
Post-war modernist research lab, Frankfurt UAS

Dekanat Fachbereich 1, Frankfurt UAS

 

Ideen und Methoden
10:30 Uhr | Partizipationsforderungen und -ansätze im Kontext einer breiten Kritik am westdeutschen Großwohnsiedlungsbau der 1960er und 70er Jahre
Nina Gribat, BTU Cottbus-Senftenberg

10:50 Uhr | Professionalisierte Partizipation. Anwaltsplanung als geordnete Bürgerbeteiligung in Darmstadt-Kranichstein
Swenja Hoschek, Technische Universität Darmstadt

11:10 Uhr | Partizipatives Quartiersmanagement und kommunale
Partizipationsinstrumente
Arvid Krüger, Universität Kassel

11:30 Uhr | Direkter Urbanismus und performative Interventionen
Paul Rajakovics, transparadiso

11:50 Uhr | panel discussion
thereafter lunch break

 

Identität und Image
13:30 Uhr | Perspektivwechsel. Partizipative Kunstprojekte in Großwohnsiedlungen
Ragna Körby, Technische Universität Kaiserslautern

13:50 Uhr | Dynamiken und Persistenzen einer Großwohnsiedlung aus Bewohnerperspektive
Sigrun Kabisch, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung

14:10 Uhr | Putten zwischen Platten
Daniel Theiler, Künstler und Architekt

14:30 Uhr | Kranichstein represent
Volker Schmidt, Autor, Regisseur und Schauspieler

14:50 Uhr | Zeitkapsel Hasenbergl
Pia Lanzinger, Künstlerin

15:10 Uhr | panel discussion
thereafter break
 

Räume und Bauten
16:20 Uhr | Bauen in Nachbarschaften. Partizipation beim ergänzenden Wohnungsbau in großen Wohnsiedlungen
Bernd Hunger, Kompetenzzentrum Großsiedlungen e.V.

16:40 Uhr | Partizipation als Utopie. Die Terrassenhaussiedlung Graz-St. Peter (1965 bis heute)
Andrea Jany, RCE, Universität Graz

17:00 Uhr | umschichten – From Luftschloss to Reality
Peter Weigand, umschichten

17:20 Uhr | discussion


Contact
Ruth Schlögl
Post-War modernist research lab
Tel. +49 69 1533 2772
ruth.schloegl@fb1.fra-uas.de

 

 

 

New Publication, March 2020:

Wohnen in der Nachkriegsmoderne

Siedlungen in der Region Rhein-Main

Maren Harnack / Matthias Brunner / Natalie Heger (Hg.)
Photographs by Ben Kuhlmann and Malte Sänger
DKV-Edition – Deutschen Kunstverlag, Berlin 2020.

Housing estates of post-war modernism still characterize the face of many cities today, yet their qualities and local life are often unknown. The architectural guide Wohnen in der Nachkriegsmoderne (Living in Post-War Modernism) would like to encourage you to take a look at ten outstanding housing estates from this period that were built in the Rhine-Main region. The guide, curated by the Post-War Housing Research Lab, presents them with general plans, standard floor plans, numerous current photos and background information on their construction and the changes that have taken place since they were build.

 

 

About the Post-War Modernism Resarch Lab:

Up until today the post-war stock is of major significance. In growing metropolitan areas such as the Frankfurt-Rhein-Main region, it offers urgently needed, highquality, affordable housing in relatively central locations. Its generously landscaped outdoor spaces as well as the functional layout of apartments is highly valued by the residents. Nonetheless, much of this stock has to be adapted to today‘s standards and requirements, such as energy efficiency, accessibility, infrastructure, and amenities.

The Post-War Modernist Housing Reseach Lab aspires to be the first contact point in the Frankfurt-Rhein-Main region for anyone concerned with post-war housing and urbanism in practice and research, no matter whether being a member of the public administration, a housing association, or an ordinary citizen. It collaborates with international research experts on postwar housing in order to learn from experiences made in other countries and involves international students from Frankfurt UAS in its research approaches.

Head of Research

Contact

Prof. Dr.-Ing.
Michael Peterek
Head of degree course: Environmental Management and Urban Planning in Metropolitan Areas (M. Eng.) and Urban Agglomerations (M. Sc.)
Building 1, Room 506
Prof. Dr.-Ing.
Wolfgang Jung
Head of degree course: Advanced Architecture (M. Sc.)
Building 1, Room 511
Prof. Dr.
Patricia Ines Hoeppe
Deputy Head of degree course: Performative Arts in Social Fields (M.A.)
Building 2, Room 507
Fax : +49 69 1533-2809
Dr.
Matthias Brunner
Building 1, Room 524

Wohnen in der Nachkriegsmoderne
Siedlungen in der Region Rhein-Main.
Maren Harnack, Matthias Brunner und Natalie Heger (ed.)
DKV-Edition, Deutscher Kunstverlag, Berlin 2020.

 

 

Adaptive Re-Use
Strategies for Post-War Modernist Housing
Maren Harnack, Natalie Heger und Matthias Brunner (ed.)
To be published by Jovis Verlag, September 2020

 

 

Die späten Ernst-May-Siedlungen in Hessen
A study by Maren Harnack, Paola Wechs and Julian Glunde
In cooperation with Landesamt für Denkmalpflege Hessen
Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences, Frankfurt 2019
 

 

 

Identifikationsräume
Potenziale und Qualitäten großer Wohnsiedlungen
Harnack, Maren and Stollman, Jörg (ed.)
Universitätsverlag TU Berlin, Berlin 2017

 

 

Community Spaces
Conception – appropriation – identity
Harnack, Maren et al. (ed.)
Universitätsverlag TU Berlin, Berlin 2015

 

 

Die Rückkehr der Wohnmaschinen
Gentrifizierung und sozialer Wohnungsbau in London
Harnack, Maren
Transcript, Bielefeld 2012

 

 

 

Stadtbausteine
Peterek, Michael and Bürklin, Thorsten
Birkhäuser, Basel 2016

 

 

 

Lokale Identitäten in der globalen Stadtregion
„Alltagsrelevante Orte“ im Ballungsraum Rhein-Main
Reihe Stadt und Raum im globalen Kontext Bd. 1
Peterek, Michael and Bürklin, Thorsten
IKO – Verlag für interkulturelle Kommunikation, Frankfurt am Main 2006

 

 

 

Wohnung. Siedlung. Stadt.
Paradigmen der Moderne 1910 – 1950
Peterek, Michael
Mann Verlag, Berlin 2000

 

 

 

 

Reworking the „Economic Miracle“ Area in Wolfsburg
Optimizing the performance and the energy efficiency in the Satallite Town Detmerode
Edited by Wolfgang Jung, Hans-Jürgen Schmitz, Nicole Froberg and Stefan Heßling
Intensive Programme 2013/2014 - International Workshop in Wolfsburg

 

 

Reworking the Reconstruction Era in Berlin
Optimizing the performance of the Academy of Arts, the Hansa Libary and the Shopping-Centre in the Hansaviertel
Edited by Wolfgang Jung, Hans-Jürgen Schmitz, Winfried Brenne, Franz Jaschek and Stefan Heßling
Intensive Programme 2012/2013 - International Workshop in Berlin

 

 

Reworking the Bauhaus Era in Dessau
Optimizing the energy efficiency in the housing estate Törten
Edited by Wolfgang Jung, Hans-Jürgen Schmitz, Monika Markgraf and Stefan Heßling
Intensive Programme 2011/2012 - International Workshop Dessau

 

 

Reworking the Modern Movement - the "Pärnuk KEK" in Pärnu, Estonia
On how to preserve Modern Movement monuments
Edited by Wolfgang Jung, Mart Kalm and Stefan Heßling
Intensive Programme 2007/2008 - International Workshop in Pärnu

 

 

Frankfurter 10-Punkte Plan zur Umsetzung der Energiewende in Ballungsräumen
Klärle, Martina, Rucker-Gramm, Petra, Schmitz, Hans-Jürgen
Published by Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences, Frankfurt 2013

 

 

 

 

 

Geschwister-Scholl-Schule Lünen. Die Geschichte einer Instandsetzung
Kurz, Philipp, Schmitz, Hans-Jürgen
Wüstenrot Stiftung (ed.), Krämer Verlag, Stuttgart 2014

 

 

 

 

 

 

OnTop im internationalen Hochschulwettbewerb
Solar Decathlon Europe 2014
Klärle, Martina, Schmitz, Hans-Jürgen, Fiedler, Sebastian, Reichhardt, Ulrike
Published by Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences, Frankfurt 2014

 

Das Olympische Dorf München
Planungsexperiment und Musterstadt der Moderne
Heger, Natalie
Dietrich Reimer Verlag, Berlin 2014

 

 

 

Performed City
Performative Stadtaufstellung und –konstitution
Hoeppe, Patricia
Performance Press International, Berlin 2015

 

 

The Walking, the Crossings and the Passings
Über Wege-Performances
Hoeppe, Patricia
Vokal-Verlag, Leipzig 2010

 

 

Professional Articles

Die Nachkriegsmoderne als Forschungsobjekt
In: Transforming Cities, Ausgabe 01/2019

In die Zange genommen, Kritik am Wohnungsbau um 1968
In: sub/urban Band 6 Heft 2/3 2018

Alles schon mal dagewesen. Wohnhochhäuser in der Stadt
In: Stadtbauwelt, Oktober 2017

Facelift einer Ikone
Trellick Tower wird saniert
In: Bauwelt, Mai 2017
 

Wohnen im Turm
In: Edition Le Monde diplomatique 1/2014, S. 52–55

Methodik zur Bestandsanalyse und Entwicklung von städtebaulichen Konzepten
In: Denkmalpflege & Kulturgeschichte 2/2014 S. 9–12

Die inneren Werte. Nordweststadt Frankfurt.
In: Bauwelt 40/41 2014, Seite 26 – 31, September 2014


Vom Wohnen für alle zur Notlösung für Arme.  Kommunaler Wohnungsbau in London nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg.
In: Informationen zur Modernen Stadtgeschichte 2013/1 Seite 60 – 72, Januar 2013

 

Zukunftsfähige Stadtentwicklung. Energieeffiziente Wohnformen am Beispiel Frankfurt Riedberg.
In: Raumplanung. Zeitschrift für räumliche Planung und Forschung, Nr. 163, 4-2012 Seite 8 – 14, Juli 2012

Further publications can be found on the personal homepage ofthe research lab members.

2020

Mehr als graue Betonburgen
Book review "Wohnen in der Nachkriegsmoderne" und exhibition "nix zu sehen", FAZ, 11. September 2020

Von wegen monoton: Siedlungen der Nachkriegsmoderne im Portrait
Book review "Wohnen in der Nachkriegsmoderne", Architekturblatt, 11. September 2020

Siedlungsbau im Westentaschenformat
Book review "Wohnen in der Nachkriegsmoderne auf moderne-regional.de, 2nd September 2020

Skyscraper Day
Interview with Michael Peterek about skyscrapers, the skyline of Frankfurt an the its future, Hessenschau, 3rd of September 2020

Wohnen in den Wolken
Interview with Prof. Harnack, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, page 30, 11. March 2020

„ein gutes Buch zum Vorglühen“…
Book and exhibition preview „Wohnen in der Nachkriegsmoderne“ at moderne-regional.de, 17. March 2020

2019

Warum Enteignungen kein Sozialismus sind – sondern Demokratie
Interview with Prof. Harnack at bento.de, 10. April 2019

  Presseinformation – Conference Adaptive Re-Use, Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences, September 2019

2018

Ehrenrettung für die Wohnburg
FAZ, 09.10.2018

Presseinformation – Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences, September 2018

Irgendwann funktioniert eine Stadt nicht mehr…
Interview with Prof. Harnack in the series „Mal ehrlich: welche Probleme haben wir wirklich?“,
Kulturfrühstück; hr2-kultur, 7. September 2018

2017 - 2013

Frankfurt wächst...
Hessenschau, Hessischer Rundfunk, Interview with Prof. Peterek, 24.08.2017

Weitergedreht: IvI
Hessenschau, Hessischer Rundfunk, Interview with Prof. Harnack, 4. Juni 2017
 

Mangel an günstigen Wohnungen in Städten
Hessenschau, Hessischer Rundfunk, Interview with Prof. Harnack, 10. Mai 2017
 

Edificio Copan –Leben im größten Wohnhaus der Welt
Freistil Feature, Deutschlandfunk, Interview with Prof. Harnack, 11. Dezember 16
 

Stadt Frankfurt kauft Wohnhaus zum Schutz der Mieter
Hessenschau, Hessischer Rundfunk, Prof. Harnack in the studio, 19. Juni 2016
 

Boomtown Frankfurt zu teuer für den Durchschnittsverdiener?
Hessenschau, Hessischer Rundfunk, Interview with Prof. Harnack, 8. Sept. 2016

Baukulturkonvent 2016
Kulturjournal, Österreichischer Rundfunk Ö1, Interview with Prof. Harnack, 26. April 2016

Großsiedlungen heute – Zu Hause in der Trabantenstadt
Zeitfragen Feature, Deutschlandradio Kultur, Interview with Prof. Harnack, 15. Sept. 2014

Stadtlust. Wachsende Städte – können Menschen dort wirklich gut leben?
Sonntags – TV fürs Leben, ZDF, Interview with Prof. Harnack, 6. Juni 2013

Post-War Modernist Housing in the Frankfurt, Rhein-Main Region

Overview map on housing areas in the Frankfurt, Rhein-Main Region (to be continued).

 

Hirschsprung
Kurt-Schumacher-Ring, Sudetenring, 63303 Dreieich-Sprendlingen
Planning and Construction Time:1956–1963
Planning: Nassauische Heimstätte
Client/Property Developer: Nassauische Heimstätte
Owner Today: Nassauische Heimstätte, private owners
Residential Units: about 947
Functions: Living, stores and childcare

Nordweststadt
Hammarskjöldring, Gerhard-Hauptmann-Ring, u.a., 60439 Frankfurt
Planning and Construction Time: 1961–1968
Architects: Walter Schwagenscheidt, Tassilo Sittmann, housing society
Client/Property Developer: Nassauische Heimstätte, Neue Heimat, amongs others
Owner Today: Nassauische Heimstätte, GWH, ABG, private owners
Residential Units: about 7600
Functions: Living, stores, schools, childcare, chruches

Wohnstadt Limes
Marktplatz, Ostring, Westring, 65824 Schwalbach am Taunus
Planning and Construction Time: 1959–1973
Planning: Hans Bernhard Reichow (Wohnstadt), Friedrich Spengelin (city centre)
Client/Property Developer: Nassauische Heimstätte
Owner Today: Nassauische Heimstätte, private owners
Residential Units: about 3500
Functions: Living, childcare, schools, churches, centre, stores, restaurants, town hall, community centre, libary, suburban railway station

Schelmengraben
Hans-Böckler-Straße, August-Bebel-Straße, u.a., 65199 Wiesbaden Dotzheim; Karl-Marx-Straße und andere
Planning and Construction Time: 1961–1971
Planning: Ernst May
Client/Property Developer: Neue Heimat Südwest, Neue Heimat Hessen, Volksfürsorge
Owner Today: GWH, private investor
Residential Units: about 2540
Functions: Living, retirement home, stores, youth centre

Gartenfeld
Gartenfeldstraße, Heuchelheimer Straße, 61350 Bad Homburg v. d. Höhe
Planning and Construction Time: 1963–1970
Planning: GEWOBAG
Client/Property Developer: GEWOBAG
Owner Today: GWH, private owners
Residential Units: about 800
Functions: Living, childcare, churches, stores

Kranichstein
Gruberstraße, Bartningstraße, Grundstraße u.a., 64289 Darmstadt
Planning and Construction Time: 1965–1971
Planning: Ernst May, Günther Grzimek
Client/Property Developer: GEWOBAG, Neue Heimat Südwest, Post-Baugesellschaft DAHEIM
Owner Today: GWH, private owners
Residential Units: about 2600 (1st construction phase)
Functions: Living, stores, schools, churches

Roter Hang
Am Roten Hang, Viktoriastraße u.a., 61476 Kronberg im Taunus
Planning and Construction Time: 1966–1971
Planning: Rudolf Kramer
Client/Property Developer: Polensky & Zöllner, IBM Deutschland Unterstützungskasse
Owner Today: Private owners, Wohnbau GmbH
Residential Units: about 90
Functions: Living

 

Sonnenring
Mailänder Straße 3-23, 60598 Frankfurt
Planning and Construction Time: 1971–1979
Planning: Mietropa-Gesellschaften, from 1973 Helaba
Architect: Günther Balser
Owner Today: privat owners
Residential Units: about 310
Functions: Living

Chinamauer
Frankfurter Straße 84-92, Wiesbadener Straße 2-4, 63110 Nieder Roden
Planning and Construction Time: 1971–1980
Architect: Otfried Rau, Ottmar Weyland
Client/Property Developer: Baugilde Nord
Owner Today: privat owners
Residential Units: about 690
Functions: Living

Ben-Gurion-Ring
Ben-Gurion-Ring, 60437 Frankfurt
Planning and Construction Time: 1973–1976

Planning: Planungsabteilung der Neue Heimat
Client/Property Developer: Nassauische Heimstätte , Neue Heimat, Volksfürsorge Hamburg

Owner Today: GWH, Nassauische Heimstätte, private owners
Residential Units: about 1645
Functions: Living, churches, childcare, stores

Source: Harnack, Maren, Brunner, Matthias, Heger, Natalie (ed.): Wohnen in der Nachkriegsmoderne. Siedlungen in der Region Rhein-Main, Deutscher Kunstverlag, Berlin 2020

Student ideas competition

Post-war modernist housing in the Hessenpark Museum

March 16th - Mai 17th 2020
Jury: 7 July 2020

1.100 € prize money

Together with the Museum Hessenpark, the Post-War Modernism Research Lab organized a student ideas competition for the future Rhine-Main museum area in Hessenpark. The new Rhine-Main museum area will represent the settlement development of the 1960s to 1980s in Hessen.

The task of the competition was to insert three different, ideal-typical residential buildings - a prefabricated house, a L-shaped bungalow and a group of row houses - into the available construction area. In addition to the positioning of the buildings, the development (access and path system) as well as the private and public outdoor areas had to be planned.

 

1. Prize: Johanna Moraweg

2. Prize: Cristina Fierro

Honorably Mentioned: Minh Tuan Nguyen und Viet Tu Ho

Honorably Mentioned: Anke Müller und Philipp Richers

Website editorial teamID: 5473
last updated on: 09.24.2020