Prof. Dr. Tobias Hagen

Professor for Economics and Quantitative Methods

Further academic positions

Director of the ReLUT - Research Lab for Urban Transport.
Vice director of the Frankfurt Research Institute for Business and Law as well as the Institute for Entrepreneurship.
Member of the scientific advisory board of the Master of Science in Vocational Education and Training at the Swiss Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training.
Member of the editorial board of the American Journal of Medical Research.

Lecture period: Non-lecture period:
Thu, 14:30 pm – 15:45 pm
by appointment via email
by appointment via email


Research focus: Data Science, Applied Econometrics, Labor Economics, Policy Evaluation, Transport Economics

The objective of the projects is to update time variation curves for resting traffic for typical neighborhoods through a combination of conventional and new digital methods to improve municipal parking management. The time variation curves should be presented in a way that they can be used as a tool for planning and for political decisions. The time variation curves should be applicable and scalable to particularly relevant area types in Germany, which are to be determined in the project. In addition, methods need to be developed to automatically keep them up to date at all times.

The objective of the venture is to create a comprehensive potential analysis on the implementation of a central depot with an environmentally friendly and bundled delivery of packages for the last mile. The study focuses on planning, business, and legal factors. The interdisciplinary potential analysis is performed in a way that its practical application can be transferred in space. Furthermore, the implementation of the venture is supposed to be realized in a sample neighborhood in a planned follow-up project. Details can be found here (German only).

What are the perceptions of lesbian women at their work place concerning performance, satisfaction, and career? Is outing beneficial or detrimental to their professional career? What are career-promoting and impeding factors?

ParkenDigital: Development of Transferable Survey Methods Under Consideration of Innovative Technologies for Parking Area Data Generation and Digitalization of the Parking Area (client: Federal Ministry for Traffic and Digital Infrastructure)

The objective of the project is to develop processes with which the entire parking area of a municipality can be digitalized and made available as open data.

Details can be found here.

Factors of an Economically and Socially Successful Integration of People with Refugee Background in the Training and Labor Market of the Rhine-Neckar Metropolitan Region (client: Jobcenter Mannheim)

Cooperation partner: ifm (University Mannheim) (German only)DTI e.V. (German only)IAB

This project is supposed to identify success factors for the integration of refugees and derive promising fields of action. The study will include both qualitative and quantitative surveys of refugees, businesses, and training / labor market actors. During the quantitative analyses, survey data will be combined with administrative data of the Federal Employment Agency. The study will result in specific recommended actions that lead to professional integration work and support the experts in their integration work with refugees.

The Swiss Federal Office for Social Security (BSV) has initiated a pilot project for the integration of pensioners in so-called disability insurance (IV). During the pilot project, Ingeus – an international private company for work integration – was hired to perform agency coaching with the participating IV pensioners. I have analyzed different, mutually connected individual data sets using microeconometric methods to determine the effectiveness and economy of the pilot project.

>>> Download Final report and additional information <<<

>>> Download Working Paper in English <<<


The project is supposed to make a contribution to the better understanding of the employment situation and the employment dynamics of the occupational disability pensioners in Germany. For this purpose, the employment rates of different groups of persons are determined among the recipients of disability pensions, the probability of employment admission, the probability of leaving from employment, and thus the employment duration and their respective determinants. We work with the BASiD data set (biography of select social security carriers in Germany).



While the causes of the origin of prostate and ovarian cancer have not been conclusively determined, nutritional influences appear to be significant. For instance, the consumption of animal-based foods such as dairy products is correlated with both the development and the mortality rate of both types of cancer. Previous studies have used either individual data or aggregated national data. However, since previous studies based on aggregated national data only employ cross-sectional analyses, they are hardly able to consider all possible influence factors on mortality ("confounding factors") and thus determine causal effects. In cross-sectional analyses, (barely comparable) countries are compared with each other (for instance Germany with Thailand). Compensating for this weakness, our study uses panel-econometric methods and time series of up to 50 countries to estimate the effects of nutrition on the mortality rate of prostate and ovarian cancer through comparison over time. In doing so, we analyze whether changes in dairy consumption within the countries correlates with a change in mortality rates. This way, each country functions as its own "control group," reducing distortion due to confounding factors. In addition, we use a series of modern panel-econometric methods to counteract the methodological challenges due to confounding factors (omitted variables), endogeneity, measurement errors, heterogeneity (of effects), and outliers. The analysis of our results shows that the consumption of dairy (products) increases both the mortality rates due to prostate cancer and ovarian cancer. Conversely, these insights also imply that a reduction of dairy consumption results in fewer cancer-related deaths. The determined effect are statistically significant.


>> Information, FAQ and literature references (German only)<<


The econometric study examines what effects the financial crisis from 2007 had on average on 88 countries depending on their financial market regulation. We see that production decreases, employment losses, and state budget deficits were greater, the more liberal the financial markets of the countries were. The results are more proof that essential mistakes were made during the wide-spread deregulation of the finance markets in the preceding decades.


  • The Impact of National Financial Regulation on Macroeconomic and Fiscal Performance after the 2007 Financial Shock – Econometric Analyses Based on Cross-Country Data. Economics: The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Vol. 7, 2013-33, Link.
  • "Finance and Growth - Again", January 5, 2014, Link (German only)
  • "Financial market regulation and the big recession", November 18, 2013, Link (German only)
  • "Hartz-Gesetze - Methodische Ansätze zu einer Evaluierung", ZEW Wirtschaftsanalysen, Bd. 74, 2004, Nomos Verl.-Ges., Baden-Baden (editor). Link (German only).
  • "Langzeitarbeitslosigkeit in der Metropolregion Rhein-Neckar", Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt, 2010 (with Sonja Hamberger). Link (German only).
  • "Das deutsche Job-Wunder, die Hartz-Reformen und die Krisenländer der Euro-Zone", 7.2.2014. Link (German only).
  • "Das deutsche Job-Wunder, die Hartz-Reformen und die Beveridge-Kurve", 11.2.2014. Link (German only).
  • Start-up Monitor 2011, Link (German only)
  • Start-up Monitor 2012, Link (German only)
  • "Demographic change in Germany: Auch Gründen ist eine Frage des Alters", KfW Bankengruppe, KfW Economic Research: Fokus Volkswirtschaft, Nr. 7, Oktober 2012 (with K. Ullrich). Link (German only)

See also the project page of the ZEW.

You can find publications from the project in my list of publications. 
You can find an overview article on the topic from a methodological perspective (panel econometry) here (link).

The focus of the venture lies on the potential economic impact of a driving ban for certain diesel vehicles. The analysis primarily focuses on the affected parties who commute back and forth from outside the city of Frankfurt. This target group includes for instance employees and craftsmen as well as workers in the retail sector. Details can be found here (German only).

About the person

Prof. Dr. Tobias Hagen completed his degree in Economics at the Goethe University Frankfurt am Main. Between 1999 and 2004, he was an academic employee of the Center for European Economics Research (ZEW) in Mannheim with a short interruption for his research sabbatical in Great Britain (Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of Essex). In 2005 he received his doctorate Dr. rer. pol. (summa cum laude, Dissertation Prize of the IHK Frankfurt).

Between October 2004 and September 2006, he was an assistant at the Federal Ministry of Finance in Berlin. From October 2006 until his move to the Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences in 2010, he was a Professor of Public Finance at the UAS of the Federation and Professor of Economics at the University of the Federal Employment Agency in Mannheim.

Member of the Academic Advisory Board for the "MA Sc. in Professional Education" program at the "Eidgenössisches Hochschulinstitut für die Berufsbildung" (EBH) and the American Journal of Medical Research.



You can find all documentation and additional information on the e-Learning platform: Moodle



  1. "Evaluation of a Placement Coaching Program for Recipients of Disability Insurance Benefits in Switzerland", Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation28, 2018, 1–19. (Download working paper version).
  2. "Ist die gläserne Decke noch aktuell? Untersuchung wahrgenommener Aspekte der Unternehmenskultur und der geschlechtsspezifischen Unterschiede in Karrierechancen", GENDER Zeitschrift für Geschlecht, Kultur und Gesellschaft 1/17, 115-132 (with C. Weissenrieder, R. Graml, Y. Ziegler). Download (German only).
  3. "Using Country-level Data and Panel Econometric Methods to Estimate the Effect of Population Average Milk Consumption on Prostate and Ovarian Cancer Mortality Rates", American Journal of Medical Research 2(2), 2015, 7–41 (with Stefanie Waldeck). Download.
  4. "The Impact of National Financial Regulation on Macroeconomic and Fiscal Performance after the 2007 Financial Shock – Econometric Analyses Based on Cross-Country Data", Economics: The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Vol. 7, 2013-33. Download.
  5. "Do EU structural funds promote regional growth? New evidence from various panel data approaches", Regional Science and Urban Economics 40, 2010, 353-365 (with Philipp Mohl).
  6. "Effects of Parliamentary Elections on Primary Budget Deficits in OECD Countries - Robustness of the Results with Regard to Alternative Econometric Estimators", Applied Economics Letters 17 (2), 2010, 135-139.
  7. "Fixed-term Contracts as Sorting Mechanisms: Evidence from Job Durations in West Germany", Labour Economics 15, 2008, 984-1005 (with Bernhard Boockmann).
  8. "Estimating the Effect of Parliamentary Elections on Primary Budget Deficits in OECD Countries", Economics Bulletin 8 (8), 2007, 1-5.
  9. "Befristete und andere atypische Beschäftigungsverhältnisse: Wird der Arbeitsmarkt funktionsfähiger?", Zeitschrift für Arbeitsmarktforschung (Journal for Labour Market Research) 2 and 3, 2006, 305-324 (with Bernhard Boockmann).
  10. "Ökonometrische Evaluation der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Ostdeutschland auf Basis von Regionaldaten - Grundlegende Probleme und Ergebnisse dreier Ansätze", Zeitschrift für Evaluation 2, 2004, 241-263.
  11. "Does Fixed-Term Contract Employment Raise Firms' Adjustment Speed? Evidence from an Establishment Panel of  West Germany", Journal of Economics and Statistics 223 (4), 2003, 403-421.
  12. "Works Councils and Fixed-Term Employment: Evidence from West German Establishments", Journal of Applied Social Science Studies 123 (3), 2003, 359-381 (with Bernhard Boockmann).
  13. "Was kann die aktive Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Deutschland aus der Evaluationsforschung in anderen europäischen Ländern lernen?", Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik 3 (2), 2002, 189-206 (with Viktor Steiner).
  14. "Do Temporary Workers Receive Risk Premiums? Assessing the Wage Effects of Fixed Term Contracts in West Germany by a Matching Estimator Compared with Parametric Approaches", LABOUR: Review of Labour Economics and Industrial Relations 16 (4), 2002, 667-705.
  15. "Arbeitsplatzdynamik und befristete Verträge: Empirische Evidenz aus dem IAB-Betriebspanel für Baden-Württemberg", Mitteilungen aus der Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung 35, 2002, 385-396 (with Bernhard Boockmann).
  1. "Aus der Schweiz: Rente als Brücke zur Wiedereingliederung - Evaluation eines Pilotversuchs zur Integration von Rentnerinnen und Rentnern der Invalidenversicherung in den Arbeitsmarkt", Spektrum 2/2014, Deutsche Rentenversicherung Baden-Württemberg (with F. Egle), 67-70. Download
  2. "Evaluation Ingeus - Pilotprojekt nach Art. 68quater IVG",  Soziale Sicherheit CHSS 6/2014, 335-339. Download (German only)
  3. "Demografischer Wandel in Deutschland: Auch Gründen ist eine Frage des Alters", KfW Bankengruppe, KfW Economic Research: Fokus Volkswirtschaft, Nr. 7, Oktober 2012 (with K. Ullrich). Download (German only)
  4. "Arbeitsmarkteffekte der Einführung eines gesetzlichen Mindestlohns in Deutschland - Vor allem die Geringqualifizierten würden geschädigt", WiSt -Wirtschaftswissenschaftliches Studium, 37( 2), 2008, 89-97.
  5. "Bestimmungsfaktoren für Umfang und Struktur des öffentlichen Sektors: Ökonomische Theorien der Politik und der Verwaltung", Zeitschrift für Ausbildung, Fortbildung und Verwaltungspraxis für die Bundeswehrverwaltung 5/2008.
  6. "Job AQTIV Gesetz - Eine kritische Würdigung der neuen Instrumente der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik", Wirtschaft im Wandel 11, 2002, 324-330 (with Herbert Buscher).
  1. "Makroökonomie Übungsbuch", Pearson Verlag, 2017 (with Stephan Sauer and Ulrich Klüh). Info (German only)
  2. "Determinanten der Beschäftigungsstabilität von Erwerbsminderungsrentnern - Ergebnisse einer diskreten Abgangsratenanalyse basierend auf Sozialversicherungsdaten", in "Symposium 'Wissenschaft und Praxis im Austausch über aktuelle Herausforderungen 2015', IWRF der Frankfurt UAS, CUVILLIER VERLAG, Göttingen, 2015 (with S. Waldeck).
  3. "Evaluation Pilotprojekt Ingeus - berufliche Wiedereingliederung von Rentenbeziehenden der Invalidenversicherung", Beiträge zur Sozialen Sicherheit, Forschungsbericht Nr. 5/2014, Bundesamt für Sozialversicherung (with F. Egle and K. Puppa). Download (German only)
  4. "Welchen Effekt hat die Finanzmarktregulierung auf die Beschäftigungsentwicklung nach Beginn der Finanzkrise im Jahr 2007? Analysen basierend auf Länder-Querschnittsdaten." in: "Arbeitsmärkte im Wandel der Wirtschafts- und Sozialpolitik, Neue Herausforderungen und Chancen, Festschrift für Franz Egle", ed. by C.-H. Esser, Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt, 2014 (with J. Leskov). Info.
  5. "KfW - Gründungsmonitor 2012: Boom auf dem Arbeitsmarkt dämpft Gründungsaktivität - Jährliche Analyse von Struktur und Dynamic des Gründungsgeschehens in Deutschland", KfW Bankengruppe, Frankfurt, 2012 (with G. Metzger und K. Ullrich). Download (German only)
  6. "KfW - Gründungsmonitor 2011: Dynamisches Gründungsgeschehen im Konjunkturaufschwung - Jährliche Analyse von Struktur und Dynamic des Gründungsgeschehens in Deutschland", KfW Bankengruppe, Frankfurt, 2011 (with K. Kohn und K. Ullrich).Download (German only)
  7. "Econometric Evaluation of EU Cohesion Policy - A Survey" in: "International Handbook of Economic Integration", Vol. 3, ed. by M. Jovanovic. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham/Northampton M.A., 2011, (with Philipp Mohl), S.343-371. Info Also available as ZEW Discussion Paper, No. 09-052, 2009, Mannheim. Download
  8. "Die Zukunft der EU-Strukturpolitik", ZEW Wirtschaftsanalysen, Bd. 94, 2010, Nomos Verl.-Ges., Baden-Baden, (with Friedrich Heinemann, Tobias Hagen, Philipp Mohl, Steffen Osterloh, Mark O. Sellenthin). Infos (German only)
  9. "Langzeitarbeitslosigkeit in der Metropolregion Rhein-Neckar (German only)", Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt, 2010 (with Sonja Hamberger).
  10. "Befristete Beschäftigungsverhältnisse - Brücken in den Arbeitsmarkt oder Instrumente der Segmentierung?", ZEW Wirtschaftsanalysen, Bd. 80, 2006, Nomos Verl.-Ges., Baden-Baden (with Bernhard Boockmann).
  11. "Die Bedeutung befristeter Arbeitsverhältnisse für die Zugänge und den Verbleib in Beschäftigung", in: M. Kronauer and G. Linne "Flexicurity. Die Suche nach Sicherheit in der Flexibilität, 2005, edition sigma, Berlin (with Bernhard Boockmann).
  12. "Labour Market Effects of Fixed-Term Employment Contracts - Microeconometric Analyses for West Germany", Dissertation, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt / Main. Download
  13. "Produktivitätseinbußen durch unterlassene Weiterbildung? Produktivitätseffekte von Weiterbildungsmaßnahmen auf betrieblicher Ebene", in: Christian Arndt and Harald Strotmann (eds.) Paneluntersuchungen als Instrument zur Analyse der Bestimmungsfaktoren des Strukturwandels, IAW-Forschungsberichte Bd. 63, 2004, Tübingen.
  14. "Hartz-Gesetze - Methodische Ansätze zu einer Evaluierung", ZEW Wirtschaftsanalysen, Bd. 74, 2004, Nomos Verl.-Ges., Baden-Baden (editor). Download (German only)
  15. "Fortschrittsbericht wirtschaftswissenschaftlicher Institute über die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung in Ostdeutschland", Sonderheft Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle Nr. 03/2002 (with Autorengemeinschaft).
  16. "Zweiter Fortschrittsbericht wirtschaftswissenschaftlicher Institute über die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung in Ostdeutschland", Sonderheft Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle Nr. 07/2003 (with Autorengemeinschaft).
  17. "Determinanten der Nachfrage nach befristeten Verträgen, Leiharbeit und freier Witharbeit: Empirische Analysen auf Basis des IAB-Betriebspanels", in: Lutz Bellmann and Arnd Kölling (eds.), Betrieblicher Wandel und Fachkräftebedarf, Beiträge zur Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung Bd. 257, 2002, Nürnberg (with Bernhard Boockmann).
  18. "Von der Finanzierung der Arbeitslosigkeit zur Förderung von Arbeit - Analysen und Handlungsempfehlungen zur Arbeitsmarktpolitik", ZEW Wirtschaftsanalysen, Bd. 51, 2000, Nomos Verl.-Ges., Baden-Baden (with Viktor Steiner).
  19. "Erfahrungen aus der Evaluation der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Deutschland", in: Viktor Steiner, Heimfrid Wolff (eds.), Mismatch am Arbeitsmarkt - Was leistet die Arbeitsmarktpolitik? Ein Werkstattbericht zur Evaluation der Arbeitsmarktpolitik, 2000, Münster (with Viktor Steiner).
  1. "Econometric Evaluation of a Placement Coaching Program for Recipients of Disability Insurance Benefits in Switzerland", Research Institute for Business and Law, Working Paper Series: Business and Law, No. 10, 2016, Frankfurt a.M. Download.
  2. "Explorative Untersuchung der Unternehmenskultur auf die Karrierechancen von Frauen", Research Institute for Business and Law, Working Paper Series: Business and Law, No. 7, 2015, Frankfurt a.M. (with C. O. Weissenrieder, R. Graml, & Y. Ziegler). Download (German only).
  3. "Einfache ökonomische Analysen der Effektivität individueller Massnahmen zur Senkung der Produktion von 'Nutztieren'", Sentience Politics, 9.3.2015, Basel. Download.
  4. "Do EU Structural Funds Promote Regional Employment? Evidence From Dynamic Panel Data Models", European Central Bank Working Paper No. 1403 / December 2011, Frankfurt (with Philipp Mohl). Download.
  5. "How Does EU Cohesion Policy Work? Evaluating its Effects on Fiscal Outcome Variables", ZEW Discussion Paper, No. 09-051, 2009, Mannheim (with Philipp Mohl). Download.
  6. "Which is the Right Dose of EU Cohesion Policy for Economic Growth?", ZEW Discussion Paper, No. 08-104, 2008, Mannheim (with Philipp Mohl).
  7. "Does EU Cohesion Policy Promote Growth? Evidence from Regional Data and Alternative Econometric Approaches", ZEW Discussion Paper, No. 08-086, 2008, Mannheim (with Philipp Mohl).
  8. "Three Approaches to the Evaluation of Active Labour Market Policy in East Germany Using Regional Data", ZEW Discussion Paper No. 03-27, 2003, Mannheim.
  9. "Do Fixed-Term Contracts Increase the Long-Term Employment Opportunities of the Unemployed?", ZEW Discussion Paper No. 03-49, 2003, Mannheim.
  10. "The Use of Flexible Working Contracts in West Germany: Evidence from an Establishment Panel", ZEW Discussion Paper No. 01-33, 2001, Mannheim (with Bernhard Boockmann).

Evidenzbasierte Wirtschaftspolitik (German only)

  1. "Staatsverschuldung in historischer Perspektive", 20.02.2014, Link (German only)
  2. "Was hat vegane Lebensweise mit Google+ und was hat omnivore Ernährung mit "QWERT" zu tun? Die individuelle Entscheidung für oder gegen Veganismus aus mikroökonomischer Perspektive", 17.02.2014, Link (German only)
  3. "veganomics: Jedes Schwein, das ich nicht esse, wird von einem anderen gegessen?", 04.01.2014, Link (German only)
  4. "Lebenserwartungsproduktionsfunktion", 12.02.2014, Link (German only)
  5. "Finance and Growth - Again", 05.01.2014, Link (German only)
  6. "Das fundamentale Problem jeder Gesundheitspolitik", 14.02.2014, Link (German only)
  7. "Das deutsche Job-Wunder, die Hartz-Reformen und die Beveridge-Kurve", 11.02.2014, Link (German only)
  8. "Umverteilungseffizienz", 17.03.2014, Link (German only)
  • Annual conference of the European Economic Association, Lausanne, August 2001
  • Annual conference of the European Association of Labour Economists, Jyväskylä, September 2001
  • Universität Witten-Herdecke "Mitbestimmung und Mitarbeiterbeteiligung: komplementär oder substitutiv", Februar 2002
  • Conference of the Applied Econometric Association, Bruessel, Mai 2002
  • Jahrestagung des Vereins für Socialpolitik, Innsbruck, September 2002
  • Annual conference of the European Association of Labour Economists, Sevilla, September 2003
  • Jahrestagung des Vereins für Socialpolitik, Zürich, October 2003
  • Kolloquium des Instituts für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung, Tübingen, October 2003
  • Macroeconometrics Workshop, Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Halle, November 2003
  • Statistisches Kolloquium, Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universität, Frankfurt/M., November 2003
  • European Commission (DG Employment and Social Affairs): Workshop on temporary employment in Europe: determinants, trends and perspectives, Bruessels, Februar 2004
  • Statistische Woche - Jahrestagung der Deutschen Statistischen Gesellschaft, Frankfurt, September 2004
  • ZEW-Seminar, Centre for European Economic Research, Mannheim, Mai 2007
  • Jahrestagung des Vereins für Socialpolitik, Magdeburg, September 2009
  • "Das Gründungsgeschehen in Marokko im internationalen Vergleich - ein Überblick basierend auf dem GEM." Deutsch-Marokkanischer Gründertag, Fachhochschule Frankfurt am Main, 30.10.2012
  •  "The Impact of National Financial Regulation on Macroeconomic and Fiscal Performance After the 2007 Financial Shock". Brown-Bag Seminar FH-Frankfurt, 04-04-2013
  •  "The Impact of National Financial Regulation on Macroeconomic and Fiscal Performance After the 2007 Financial Shock". 3rd IWH/INFER-Workshop on Applied Economics and Economic Policy, IWH Halle, 22-04-2013
  • Brown-Bag Oct. 2014
  • Swiss Academy of Insurance Medicin, Universitätspitals Basel, 9. September 2015
  • Interdisziplinäre Kolloquium "Quantitative Methoden",15. Dezember 2015.
  • Jahrestagung des Vereins für Socialpolitik, Augsburg, September 2016
  • Statistische Woche - Jahrestagung der Deutschen Statistischen Gesellschaft, Augsburg, September 2016


  • Regional Studies
  • Applied Economics Quarterly
  • Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik
  • Journal of Labour Market Research
  • RWI Mitteilungen
  • Empirische Pädagogik
  • Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy
  • Applied Economics
  • Economics and Business Letters (EBL)
  • Journal of Economic Issues
Prof. Dr. Tobias HagenID: 5260